☢ Japanese Reclists ☢
All reclists are compatible with OREMO.
All base otos are compatible with setParam, and are based on recording at 120 BPM using my guideBGMs.
- Using other guideBGMs or just a metronome may require changing the offset parameter; assuming each mora is held for one beat, they will be 500ms apart.
- Changes in BPM will require adjustment of almost all values. At 100 BPM, mora will be 600ms apart, at 150 BPM, mora will be 400ms apart, etc.
Make sure to encode any kana files in Shift-JIS so that UTAU and OREMO can read them properly!
☆ Stats ☆
|Reclist||String Count||Avg. String Length||Est. Time to Record||OTO Length||Max Pitches|
|Minimum CV||102||1 mora||15 min||102||321|
|Standard CV||163||1 mora||20 min||163||201|
|Standard CV + Extras||190||1 mora||25 min||190||172|
|Efficiency VCV||136||8 morae||35 min||958||34|
|Efficiency VCV + Extras||198||8 morae||55 min||1373||23|
|Minimum VCV||117||8 morae||30 min||TBD||TBD|
|7-Mora VCV||174||7 morae||45 min||958||34|
|5-Mora VCV||261||5 morae||45 min||958||34|
|8-Mora CVVC||34||8 morae||10 min||312||105|
|8-Mora CVVC + Init CVs||62||8 morae||20 min||442||74|
|8-Mora CVVC + Extras||55||8 morae||15 min||493||66|
|8-Mora CVVC + Extras + CVC||94||8 morae||25 min||792||41|
|2-Mora CVVC||158||2 morae||25 min||428||76|
|2-Mora CVVC + Extras||222||2 morae||35 min||756||43|
☆ Notation ☆
These are indicative of how I write reclists. If you're using a list made by someone other than me, it may be handled differently in some ways.
[_]in the middle of a string represents a single beat of silence between syllables.
[-]in the middle of a string represents no pause between syllables and is just there for readability.
[']in between vowels represents a glottal stop.
[_][___][+__][C__]etc. at the beginning of a string is just there for organizational purposes.
Kana and Romanization
For non-standardized kana / romanization, I followed common conventions or else used what felt logical.
- The syllabic nasal
[ん]is represented with
[N]in some VCV and CVVC lists (but not their aliases) to indicate its varied pronunciation.
- Syllabic nasals in vowel strings are marked as
[n, ng, m].
[ng]as a CV may use the <k> hiragana set with handakuten, e.g.
[か゚], but this is more difficult to type so instead I use the <g> katakana set, like
[th]as in <thing> and
[dh]as in <this> use the <s> and <z> katakana sets, e.g.
[zhi]are differentiated as
- Other reclists may use
[rr]to represent an English <r> instead of a trilled <r>. I include both by having English <r> be written as
[wr], which follows English orthography and alludes to its manner of articulation.
- There is not a good way to differentiate between the four liquids
[r, l, rr, wr]in kana, so I put a
after the less commonly used phonemes, e.g.
[を]is treated as if it is pronounced as
☆ Pronunciation Guide ☆
(for English speakers)
|a||a||あ||FATHER||More fronted in the mouth, between FATHER and BACK|
|e||e||え||FACE||Not a diphthong|
|o||o||お||GOAT||Not a diphthong|
|n̩, ŋ̩, m̩||n, ng, m *||ん・ン・ン2 *||BUTTON, RHYTHM||Syllabic nasal; changes based on the sound following it|
|ŋ||ng *||ガ *||SING||Only found in some accents and loanwords|
|ɕ||sh||し||SHIP||Tongue slightly further back|
|θ||th *||サ *||THING||Not a native phoneme; helps with English words|
|dʑ||j||じ||JEEP||Tongue slightly further back|
|ʑ||zh *||ジ *||MEASURE||Antiquated pronunciation of <じ>; tongue slightly further back|
|ð||dh *||ザ *||THIS||Not a native phoneme; helps with English words|
|tɕ||ch||ち||CHEAP||Tongue slightly further back|
|ɸ||f||ふ||FILE||Produced with the lips, no teeth|
|j||y||や||YOUR||Semivowel counterpart of <い>|
|ɾ||r||ら||LADDER||Flapped <t, d> sound in American English|
|l||l *||ラ *||LIP||Sometimes <ら> is pronounced this way|
|r||rr *||ら2 *||PERRO||Trilled <r>; sometimes <ら> is stylized this way|
|ɹ||wr *||ラ2 *||RIP||English <r>|
|w||w||わ||WORE||Semivowel counterpart of <う>|
|β||v||ヴ||VILE||Only found in loanwords; produced with the lips, no teeth|